Robinson redating the new testament
Furthermore, this is clear evidence that the Jews during the time of the apostles knew where the ten tribes of Israel were located—they were not lost, as later Jewish historians have claimed.
Second, the saints that James wrote to were still a part of the synagogue system (James 2:2).
The opinions and hypotheses of scholars vary widely.
On the one hand, some view the New Testament as a collection of fables and myths verbally passed on by storytellers for generations before any written documents were made. Robinson demonstrates that the books of the New Testament were written relatively early.
However, there is no direct indication as to when he finished it or when it was in general use.
Robinson concurs: “Matthew could therefore in a real sense turn out to be both the earliest and [because of later edits] the latest of the synoptists” (Ibid., p. An attempt to determine when the writing of the Gospel of Matthew began and ended logically should begin with an examination of when the Epistle of James was written, because the apostle James’ Epistle was the first New Testament Epistle completed, and it is saturated with Jesus’ teachings as recorded in the Gospel of Matthew.
Thus, the Gospel of Matthew must have been written before James wrote his Epistle.
However, in order to establish more accurately when these books were written, it is essential to begin with known scriptural facts and verifiable historical dates.Hiebert noted fourteen similarities between the Epistle of James and the Sermon on the Mount as found in Matthew 5-7: “The epistle offers a larger number of similarities to the Sermon on the Mount than any other book in the New Testament.If the apostle Paul developed the significance of the death of Jesus, it may be said that James developed the teaching of Jesus. The fact that James’ Epistle is saturated with the teachings of Jesus is even more significant because James was not a disciple during Jesus’ ministry.Indeed, there appears to be a total of 67 direct or indirect references to Jesus’ teachings as recorded by Matthew in his Gospel that are incorporated by James into his Epistle.