Mountain lion, puma, cougar, panther—this cat is known by more names than just about any other mammal!
But no matter what you call it, it’s still the same cat, Puma concolor, the largest of the small cat species. Mostly because it has such a large range, and people from different countries have called it different things.
The newborns have spots, which may help them blend in with grass, brush, and dappled sunlight.
The mother nurses them for three months or so, but they can eat meat at about six weeks of age.
A female ready to breed alerts any males in the area by calling and rubbing her scent on rocks and trees.
A male may stay with the female for several days before looking for his next “girlfriend.” The expectant mother sets up a specific den, where she gives birth to one to six cubs.
The cats live in home ranges that vary in size from 30 to 125 square miles (78 to 324 square hectares).Adult males weigh 40 to 60 percent more than adult females.Scientists classify the mountain lion as a small cat, as it does not roar but purrs like smaller cats do.These ranges overlap, so the cats share some parts.
The home range of males tends to be the largest and overlap the smaller ranges of several females.They have especially keen eyesight, and they usually find prey by seeing it move.These cats may be on the prowl during the day or at night, but they are most active at dusk and dawn.Mountain lions are generally a solid tawny color, with slightly darker hair on the back and a whitish underside.