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An extensive restoration supervised by Eugène Viollet-le-Duc began in 1845.A project of further restoration and maintenance began in 1991.By this stage, the western facade had also been laid out, though it was not completed until around the mid-1240s.Between 12, the fourth architect oversaw the construction of the level with the rose window and the great halls beneath the towers.In response, the cathedral's architects built supports around the outside walls, and later additions continued the pattern.
The building was not originally designed to include the flying buttresses around the choir and nave but after the construction began, the thinner walls grew ever higher and stress fractures began to occur as the walls pushed outward.The statues were originally colored as was most of the exterior. That most glorious church of the most glorious Virgin Mary, mother of God, deservedly shines out, like the sun among stars.And although some speakers, by their own free judgment, because [they are] able to see only a few things easily, may say that some other is more beautiful, I believe however, respectfully, that, if they attend more diligently to the whole and the parts, they will quickly retract this opinion.To begin the construction, the bishop had several houses demolished and had a new road built to transport materials for the rest of the cathedral.
Construction began in 1163 during the reign of Louis VII, and opinion differs as to whether Sully or Pope Alexander III laid the foundation stone of the cathedral. Bishop de Sully went on to devote most of his life and wealth to the cathedral's construction.In 1160, because the church in Paris had become the "Parish church of the kings of Europe", Bishop Maurice de Sully deemed the previous Paris cathedral, Saint-Étienne (St Stephen's), which had been founded in the 4th century, unworthy of its lofty role, and had it demolished shortly after he assumed the title of Bishop of Paris.As with most foundation myths, this account needs to be taken with a grain of salt; archeological excavations in the 20th century suggested that the Merovingian cathedral replaced by Sully was itself a massive structure, with a five-aisled nave and a façade some 36m across.Dating violence is defined as physical violence or the threat of physical violence committed by a person who is or has been in a social relationship of a romantic or intimate nature with an individual.