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03-Aug-2018 08:22

According to the vitae, Boniface had never relinquished his hope of converting the Frisians, and in 754 he set out with a retinue for Frisia.

He baptized a great number and summoned a general meeting for confirmation at a place not far from Dokkum, between Franeker and Groningen.

He became the patron saint of Germania, known as the "Apostle of the Germans". Cantor notes the three roles Boniface played that made him "one of the truly outstanding creators of the first Europe, as the apostle of Germania, the reformer of the Frankish church, and the chief fomentor of the alliance between the papacy and the Carolingian family." Through his efforts to reorganize and regulate the church of the Franks, he helped shape Western Christianity, and many of the dioceses he proposed remain today.

After his martyrdom, he was quickly hailed as a saint in Fulda and other areas in Germania and in England. Boniface is celebrated (and criticized) According to the vitae, Winfrid was of a respected and prosperous family.

Boniface again set out for what is now Germany, continued his mission, and used his authority to resolve the problems of many other Christians who had fallen out of contact with the regular hierarchy of the Roman Catholic Church.The Christian Frankish leaders desired to defeat their rival power, the non-Christian Saxons, and to incorporate the Saxon lands into their own growing empire.Boniface's campaign of destruction of indigenous Germanic pagan sites may have benefited the Franks in their campaign against the Saxons.In order to supply Boniface with the materials he needed, it would have contained works by Donatus, Priscian, Isidore, and many others.

Around 716, when his abbot Wynberth of Nursling died, he was invited (or expected) to assume his position—it is possible that they were related, and the practice of hereditary right among the early Anglo-Saxons would affirm this. He traveled to Utrecht, where Willibrord, the "Apostle of the Frisians," had been working since the 690s.He was martyred in Frisia in 754, along with 52 others, and his remains were returned to Fulda, where they rest in a sarcophagus which became a site of pilgrimage.Boniface's life and death as well as his work became widely known, there being a wealth of material available—a number of vitae, especially the near-contemporary Vita Bonifatii auctore Willibaldi, legal documents, possibly some sermons, and above all his correspondence.In Frankish, Hessian, and Thuringian territory, he established the dioceses of Würzburg, and Erfurt.



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