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Implementation programmes are needed because it has been shown that the outcome of disease may be favourably influenced by the thorough application of clinical recommendations.
Thus, the task of writing Guidelines covers not only the integration of the most recent research, but also the creation of educational tools and implementation programmes for the recommendations.
Estimates of expected health outcomes for larger societies are included, where data exist.
AF confers a 5-fold risk of stroke, and one in five of all strokes is attributed to this arrhythmia.
Ischaemic strokes in association with AF are often fatal, and those patients who survive are left more disabled by their stroke and more likely to suffer a recurrence than patients with other causes of stroke.
A large number of Guidelines have been issued in recent years by the European Society of Cardiology (ESC) as well as by other societies and organizations.
Because of the impact on clinical practice, quality criteria for development of guidelines have been established in order to make all decisions transparent to the user.
The loop between clinical research, writing of guidelines, and implementing them into clinical practice can then only be completed if surveys and registries are performed to verify that real-life daily practice is in keeping with what is recommended in the guidelines.